Daniel J. Royse Ph.D.
- Ph.D., Plant Pathology, University of Illinois
- M.S., Botany, Eastern Illinois University
- B.S., Zoology, Eastern Illinois University
Areas of Interest
Production efficiency of cultivated mushrooms, mushroom quality, integrated crop management
My research program is directed toward improving the production efficiency
and quality of edible mushrooms to help minimize production costs and maximize
farm profits. My research efforts are focused on the species as follows:
Agaricus bisporus (Button mushroom, Portobello, Crimini)
One emphasis of our work on A. bisporus is to develop alternative substrates to eliminate environmental problems such as odor generation and surface and ground water contamination associated with traditional composting. Another area of interest is to identify specific nutrients, such as polypeptides and micronutrients, that are depleted during the production cycle and that limit mushroom yield. Our work is focused on re-supplementing and re-casing “spent” mushroom compost for the production of a second crop of mushrooms. We are also cooperating with faculty in the Department of Food Science to improve the nutritional and medicinal qualities of these mushrooms.
Grifola frondosa (Maitake)
We have assembled a large collection of cultures of this species from worldwide sources and are evaluating them for yield potential and quality characteristics. We are also investigating the influence of various micronutrients and supplements on mushroom yield.
Lentinula edodes (Shiitake)
Our work on this species focuses on the development of improved synthetic substrates and utilization of “spent” shiitake logs for animal feed. We are investigating alternative materials, such as wheat straw, as a replacement for wood chips in substrate formulae. We also are evaluating the interactive effects of substrate moisture content, log weight and bag filtration porosity on mushroom yield and quality.
Pleurotus spp. (Oyster mushrooms)
Our research efforts on various species of these mushrooms include genetic improvement though selective breeding, based on a better understanding of the genetic life history of the mushroom. Standard methodologies used in these studies include PCR, DNA sequencing, determinations of phylogenic relationships, and assessments of genetic diversity and population structure.
Royse, D. J. 2013. Trends in mushroom production worldwide. Pages: 38-47. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Mushrooms in Brazil. Manaus, Brazil.
Royse, D. J., and R. B. Beelman. 2013. Six Steps to Mushroom Farming. The Pennsylvania State University, College of Agricultural Sciences, University Park, PA. http://extension.psu.edu/plants/vegetable-fruit/mushrooms/publications/guides/SixSteps.pdf
Royse, D. J. 2012. Use of spent mushroom substrate (SMS) as an ingredient in mushroom compost formulations. Mush. Sci. 18:709-713.
Romaine, C. P., and D. J. Royse. 2012. Biotechnology of mushroom production. In: Encyclopedia of Biotechnology in Agriculture and Food. Taylor and Francis.
Royse, D. J. 2010. Effects of fragmentation, supplementation and the addition
of phase II compost to 2nd break compost on mushroom (Agaricus bisporus
) yield. Bioresource Technol. 101:188-192.
Rodriguez Estrada, A. E., M. del Mar Jimenez-Gasco, and D. J. Royse. 2010. Pleurotus eryngii species complex: Sequence analysis based on partial EF1 a and RPB2 genes. Fungal Biology 114:421-428.
Sanchez, J. E. and D. J. Royse. 2009. Scytalidium thermophilum -colonized grain, corncobs and chopped wheat straw substrates for the production of Agaricus bisporus. Bioresource Technol. 100:1670-1674.
Royse, D. J. and W. Chalupa. 2009. Effects of spawn, supplement, and phase II compost additions and time of re-casing second break compost on mushroom (Agaricus bisporus ) yield and biological efficiency. Bioresource Technol. 100:5277-5282.
Rodriguez Estrada, A. E., M. H. J. Lee, R. B. Beelman, M. del Mar Jimenez-Gasco, and D. J. Royse. 2009. Enhancement of the antioxidants ergothioneine and selenium in Pleurotus eryngii var. eryngii basidiomata through cultural practices. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 25:1597-1607.
Rodriguez Estrada, A. E., M. del Mar Jimenez-Gasco, and D. J. Royse. 2009. Improvement of yield of Pleurotus eryngii var. eryngii by substrate supplementation and use of a casing overlay. Bioresource Technol. 100:5270-5276.
Coello-Castillo, M. M., J. E. Sanchez, and D. J. Royse. 2009. Cultivation of a brown strain of Agaricus bisporus on a substrate pre-colonized by Scytalidium thermophilum. Bioresource Technol. 100:4488-4492.
Nicholson, M. S., B. A. Bunyard, and D. J. Royse. 2009. Phylogenetic implications of restriction maps of the intergenic regions flanking the 5S ribosomal RNA gene of Lentinula species. Fungi 2(4):48-57.
Shen, Q. P. Liu, X. Wang, and D. J. Royse. 2008. Effects of substrate moisture content, log weight and filter porosity on shiitake
(Lentinula edodes ) yield. Bioresource Technol. 99:8212-8216.
Royse D. J., J. E. Sanchez, R. B. Beelman, and J. Davidson. 2008. Re-supplementing and re-casing mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) compost for a second crop. World Journal Microbiology Biotechnology 24: 319-325.
Royse D. J. and J. E. Sanchez. 2008. Supplementation of first break mushroom compost with hydrolyzed protein, commercial supplements and crystalline amino acids. World Journal Microbiology Biotechnology 24: 1333-1339.
Royse D. J. and J. E. Sanchez. 2008. Supplementation of second break mushroom compost with isoleucine, leucine, valine, phenylalanine, FermentenË and SoyPlusË. World Journal Microbiology Biotechnology 24: 2011-2017.
Sanchez, J. E., L. Mejia, and D. J. Royse. 2008. Pangola grass colonized with Scytalidium thermophilum for the production of Agaricus bisporus. Bioresource Technology 99:655-662.
Mamiro, D. P. and D. J. Royse. 2008. The influence of spawn type and strain on yield, size and mushroom solids content of Agaricus bisporus produced on non-composted and spent mushroom compost. Bioresource Technology 99:3205-3212.
Dubost, N. J., R. B. Beelman, and D. J. Royse. 2007. Influence of selected cultural factors and postharvest storage on ergothioneine content of common button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus). International J. Medicinal Mushrooms 9:163-176.
Mamiro, D. P., D. J. Royse and R. B. Beelman. 2007. Yield, size and mushroom solids content of Agaricus bisporus produced on non-composted and spent mushroom compost. World J. Microbiology Biotechnology 23:1289-1296.
Rodriguez Estrada, A. E. and D. J. Royse. 2007. Yield, size and bacterial blotch resistance of Pleurotus eryngii grown on cottonseed hulls/oak sawdust supplemented with manganese, copper and whole ground soybean. Bioresource Technology 98:1898-1906.
Royse, D. J., and J. E. Sanchez. 2007. Ground wheat straw as a substitute for portions of oak wood chips used in shiitake (Lentinula edodes) substrate formulae. Bioresource Technology 98:2137-2141.
Beelman, R. B. and D. J. Royse. 2006. Selenium enrichment of Pleurotus cornucopiae (Paulet) Rolland and Grifola frondosa (Dicks.:Fr.) S. F. Gray mushrooms. International J. Medicinal Mushrooms 8:77-84.
Dubost, N. J., R. B. Beelman, D. Peterson, and D. J. Royse. 2006. Identification and quantification of ergothioneine in cultivated mushrooms by liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy. International J. Medicinal Mushrooms 8:215-222.